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Truck Proportions

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There is a commonly held opinion that, without foreign aid, the Red Army would have hardly any trucks at all and would not be able to execute strategic offensives. Indeed, if you compare the amount of trucks produced in the USSR during the war and the amount of trucks shipped in, the amount of the latter is much greater. This creates the impression that the Red Army was almost entirely dependent on foreign aid for trucks.

However, it is incorrect to take into account only what was produced during the war without looking at what was already in stock. At the start of the war trucks in agricultural use were confiscated en masse for military use. This injection of new trucks ensured that the majority of the Red Army's trucks were still domestic even by the end of the war. 


Domestic

Imported

Captured

Total

June 22nd, 1941

272,600

100%

-

-

-

-

272,600

January 1st, 1942

317,100

99.6%

-

-

1,400

0.4%

315,100

January 1st, 1943

378,800

93.7%

22,000

5.4%

3,700

0.9%

404,500

January 1st, 1944

387,000

77.9%

94,100

19.0%

14,900

3.1%

496,000

January 1st, 1945

395,000

63.6%

191,100

30.4%

34.700

6.0%

621,200

May 1st, 1945

385,700

58.1%

218,100

32.8%

60,600

9.1%

664,400

As the war went on, the amount (if not the proportion) of domestic trucks in the Red Army increased, so even at reduced capacity domestic industry managed to make up for losses and more. Even at the very end of the hostilities in Europe, Lend Lease trucks composed less than a third of the Red Army's truck fleet.


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